By Robert E. Goodin, Philip Pettit, Thomas W. Pogge
This re-creation of A significant other to modern Political Philosophy has been prolonged considerably to incorporate fifty five chapters throughout volumes written by way of a few of modern such a lot exclusive scholars.
- New participants contain a few of today’s such a lot unusual students, between them Thomas Pogge, Charles Beitz, and Michael Doyle
- Provides in-depth insurance of latest philosophical debate in all significant comparable disciplines, akin to economics, background, legislations, political technological know-how, diplomacy and sociology
- Presents research of key political ideologies, together with new chapters on Cosmopolitanism and Fundamentalism
- Includes unique discussions of significant options in political philosophy, together with advantage, energy, human rights, and simply war
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Additional info for A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy, 2 Volume Set
The personalist assumption has been explicitly noted by a number of authors but it generally goes without saying in analytical circles (see Raz, 1986; Hamlin and Pettit, 1989; Broome, 1990; 1991, ch. 8). But in ascribing personalism to the broad tradition of analytical philosophy, we need to be clear that the personalism ascribed is universalist in character. It holds that not only are persons the only entities that ultimately matter in politics, all persons matter equally. Consistently with personalism, strictly formulated, we might have said that the good of the King or Queen or the good of some class or caste is all that matters.
Something like the economic version of contractarianism had been explored prior to A Theory of Justice by two economists, James Buchanan and Gordon Tullock (1962). They argued, roughly, that the right set of principles for a society is the set that would be unanimously preferred. This approach operationalizes a static criterion of what is to the mutual advantage of parties and in recent discussions it has been eclipsed by the sort of economic contractarianism developed in the work of David Gauthier (1986).
Largely in reaction to Rawls’s vision, as indeed he admits, Nozick elaborates a libertarian alternative to the two-principles theory. He begins by postulating certain rights, roughly of a kind with the rights recognized by Locke in the seventeenth century, and he then looks into what sort of state is compatible with those rights. ‘Individuals have rights and there are things no person or group may do to them (without violating their rights)’ (Nozick, 1974, p. ix). Each right is a constraint on how others, in particular the state, may treat the bearer: it constrains others not to treat the bearer in fashion X – say, not to interfere with his or her freedom of movement or association or speech – even if treating the bearer in that way would reduce the level of X-treatment of others by others.
A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy, 2 Volume Set by Robert E. Goodin, Philip Pettit, Thomas W. Pogge