By David Griffith
The H-2 software, initially dependent in Florida, is the longest operating labor-importation application within the state. Over the process a quarter-century of analysis, Griffith studied rural hard work procedures and their nationwide and overseas results. during this booklet, he examines the socioeconomic results of the H-2 application on either the components the place the workers paintings and the components they're from, and, taking a uniquely humanitarian stance, he considers the results of this system at the workers themselves.
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Additional resources for American Guestworkers: Jamaicans and Mexicans in the U. S. Labor Market
Agriculture and in other lowwage, hazardous industries, initiating the back-and-forth movement known colloquially as el vavién (the ﬂuctuation) that continues to deﬁne much of Puerto Rican experience today (Duany ; Griﬃth and Valdés Pizzini ). S. agriculture, the continued use of Puerto Ricans maintained a Spanish-speaking presence in America’s orchards and ﬁelds. While World War I stimulated the government’s intervention in agricultural and other predominantly low-wage, unskilled labor markets, it wasn’t until World War II that the government-to-government agreements were forged that eventually became the Bracero Program, between the United States and Mexico, and the British West Indies Temporary Alien Labor Program (BWITALP), between the United States and Jamaica, St.
Eventually they alleged that men working for Flagler “had forced some workers into a state of peonage by requiring them to repay the railroad for passage, before quitting the work” (Chandler , ). Flagler’s oﬃcial response to these allegations, which the company denied, was most telling in what it revealed about his views of labor and labor relations. qxd 10/12/2006 8:02 AM Page 14 ﬁnally of “Spanish laborers from Cuba” as men that “have been a generally satisfactory type of laborer” (quoted in Chandler , –).
This has been especially so in times of war, when presumed labor shortages have allowed agricultural employers to inﬂuence, and in some cases directly craft, immigration policy (Calavita ; Hamahovich ). Florida sugar producers, for example, were instrumental in pioneering the international agreements that led to the H- program. They were also deeply involved in Caribbean politics and economics through controls over sugar imports and duties and the markets and technical expertise they received in the aftermath of the Cuban revolution, when skilled Cuban technicians and rich Cubans’ capital were able to take advantage of south Florida’s rich agricultural lands, sophisticated water-control system, and preferential marketing agreements (Wilkinson ).
American Guestworkers: Jamaicans and Mexicans in the U. S. Labor Market by David Griffith