By Ralph M. McInerny

ISBN-10: 0813208483

ISBN-13: 9780813208480

"The uncomplicated differences McInerny introduces, hiscriticisms of Cajetan's De nom inum analogia, the purposes hemakes to difficulties corresponding to that of the character of metaphysics or oflogic, and his wisdom of up to date debates on relatedtopics, make this e-book unique".

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P. 192 (= 180). ANALOGY IN ARISTOTLE 43 such analysis of meanings: it is merely to arrange certain terms in a (supposedly) self-evident scheme of proportion. So when Aristotle says in Metaphysics XII that the elements of all things are the same by analogy, the priority that he ascribes to substance is only a natural priority (I07Ia35) and he does not recognize any general science of being qua being. '4 If this contrast can be generalized-and Owen gives it a generalized form in the passage quoted-we could conclude (I) that what Aristotle calls :7tQo; EV AEYOIlEVU, or words that :7toUuX; AEYOIlEVU, he never calls instances of analogy.

13. , p. 192 (= 180). ANALOGY IN ARISTOTLE 43 such analysis of meanings: it is merely to arrange certain terms in a (supposedly) self-evident scheme of proportion. So when Aristotle says in Metaphysics XII that the elements of all things are the same by analogy, the priority that he ascribes to substance is only a natural priority (I07Ia35) and he does not recognize any general science of being qua being. '4 If this contrast can be generalized-and Owen gives it a generalized form in the passage quoted-we could conclude (I) that what Aristotle calls :7tQo; EV AEYOIlEVU, or words that :7toUuX; AEYOIlEVU, he never calls instances of analogy.

Cajetan's unfortunate assumption is that the texts in which Aristotle does speak of analogy should control our interpretation of the Thomistic passages where we find Thomas speaking of analogy, although analogia does not occur in the Aristotelian text being commented upon. Since our interest is to clarify what St. Thomas means by analogous names, we will examine some key passages in his Aristotelian commentaries in which he speaks of analogy where Aristotle has not. We will then look at some passages in Aristotle where analogy is discussed and ask if what is said is relevant to what Thomas means by analogous names.

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Aquinas and Analogy by Ralph M. McInerny


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