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Extra resources for Arabic logic: Ibn al-Ṭayyib's commentary on Porphyry's Eisagoge
Porphyry discusses at length the Aristotelian doctrine of the predicableswhich (predicables) are definition, genus, proprium ("property") and accident. The predicables, or heads of predicables, are ways in which terms occur in the predicate of general propositions; they represent the different relations in which a predicate might stand to a subject in a general proposition. According to Aristotle, the predicate in a general proposition must be either a definition, genus, proprium or an accident.
Ibn Zur'a (d. 399/1008), was a Monophysite Christian. He was a physician, theologian, and philosopher. He translated scientific and philosophical works from the Syriac into Arabic. He was a student of Yahya Ibn 'Adi. He wrote a commentary on the Eisagoge. This work has not survived. J. Ibn Sawar (Ibn Khammar) (d. 411/1020) was a Syrian Nestorian Christian. He studied medicine, theology, and philosophy. He was a student of Yahya Ibn 'Adi. He wrote a commentary on the Eisagoge which has survived (but only in parts) and was published in al-Ahwani's edition of the Eisagoge, pp.
Busse in the Berlin Commentaria Graeca (vol. 18, pt. 1)32 E. ,33 ed. G. Westerink (Amsterdam, 1967). F. David (d. c. 600) succeeded Elias in the Alexandrian chair of philosophy. He wrote a commentary on the Eisagoge. This has survived, and was edited by A. Busse in the Berlin Commentaria Graeca, (vol. 18, pt. 2). G. Stephanus of Alexandria (flourished in the first half of the seventh century). He belonged to the school of Olympiodorus, and was the last to occupy the Alexandrian chair of philosophy.
Arabic logic: Ibn al-Ṭayyib's commentary on Porphyry's Eisagoge by Kwame Gyekye