By Richard Finn OP
Asceticism deploys abstention, strength of will, and self-denial, to reserve oneself or a group in terms of the divine. either its practices and the cultural beliefs they expressed have been very important to pagans, Jews, Christians of alternative varieties, and Manichees. Richard Finn provides for the 1st time a mixed research of the most important ascetic traditions, which were formerly misunderstood by means of being studied individually. He examines how humans abstained from foodstuff, drink, sexual kinfolk, sleep, and wealth; what they intended by way of their behaviour; and the way they motivated others within the Graeco-Roman international. by contrast history, the e-book charts the increase of monasticism in Egypt, Asia Minor, Syria, and North Africa, assessing the an important position performed by way of the third-century exegete, Origen, and asks why monasticism built so variously in numerous areas.
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Extra info for Asceticism in the Graeco-Roman World (Key Themes in Ancient History)
Asceticism in the Graeco-Roman world later Christian language for desert anchorites. To see through these texts into the actual practice of asceticism among Neoplatonist philosophers or wandering figures such as Apollonius is extremely difficult. It is possible, though, to conclude first that there was no one established set of practices underlying the literary figures or the virtues they characterized. We are told that Plotinus held him up as an example to other philosophers, which in itself suggests the exceptional nature of his asceticism.
D. : Hendrickson, ), ; Plato, Phaedrus, a–b. (skhtv ½ligodee©av), PhDVM, . . Unlike other rulers, the Israelite commander had not amassed silver, gold, palaces, servants, and possessions through taxation, nor ‘anything else extravagant (eis poluteleian)’. He had, rather, despised wealth as ‘blind’. A Middle-Platonist set of ascetic virtues integral to the contemplative life likewise serves as the interpretative frame for a number of specific ascetic practices. This mixture of generalities and specifics allowed Philo first to make a virtue of necessity: Moses lacks the riches attendant on power because he virtuously renounces their acquisition, and not because taxes and properties presuppose a settled or productive life incompatible with the exodus journey through the wilderness.
Sawyer, Women and Religion in the First Christian Centuries (London and New York: Routledge, ), –. Pagan asceticism: cultic and contemplative purity a dog’s life? When Crates smashed Zeno’s pot of soup, he was weaning his pupil from what he thought a foolish adherence to convention and good repute. He was to learn the ‘shamelessness’ (anaideia) which led to the Cynics being branded as ‘dogs’. This was a basic part of the thoroughgoing training which sought to inure the Cynic to a haphazard fortune.
Asceticism in the Graeco-Roman World (Key Themes in Ancient History) by Richard Finn OP