By David A. Zonderman
Aspirations and Anxieties is a operating type highbrow heritage of early manufacturing facility operatives in antebellum New England. The e-book specializes in the operatives' perceptions of technological and socio-economic alterations within the mechanized office. The examine uncovers a fancy debate over many features of the manufacturing facility system--the machines and manufacturing unit structures, wages and hours, family members among managers and staff, and the content material and personality of protest. ultimately, the publication argues that the roots of this debate lie within the fight to outline the which means of labor itself in a interval of profound social swap.
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Extra resources for Aspirations and Anxieties: New England Workers and the Mechanized Factory System, 1815-1850
Larcom's memories of being a bobbin-doffer were filled with a child's sense of excitement in facing new experiences. 4 In the weaving rooms of many mills, where the workers were often young women, the initial reactions to the power looms were as complex as the mechanisms themselves. One operative clearly conveyed the challenge of learning how to run a power loom in a story she wrote for the Lowell Offering, a magazine written by women workers and noted for its generally positive portrayal of industrial labor.
These operatives preferred to use the old temples, which were adjusted by hand every few minutes when the looms were stopped. Draper's temples eliminated the need for such constant stopping and starting—this was a welcome idea to the managers, but a more problematic one for workers. These early weavers may have been paid by the hour, and thus saw no advantage for themselves in a faster rate of production. ) Patrick Jackson, the mills' superintendent, had to use some creative bargaining to get the new device accepted.
The speed was raised just as we could bear it, and often, almost always, at our own request, because with the increase of speed our pay increased. In June, 1843, I still tended three looms . . and in June, 1844, feeling able to tend four looms . . I affirm that I have not in any of these, or other months, overworked myself. I have kept gaining in ability and skill, and as fast as I did so I was allowed to make more and more money, by the accommodation of the speed of the looms to my capacity.
Aspirations and Anxieties: New England Workers and the Mechanized Factory System, 1815-1850 by David A. Zonderman